Tiles and faience, often generically called ceramic tiles, are ceramic products. The term ceramics includes “objects made of burnt clay”, a category that includes commercially available ceramic tiles. On this page you can find out what aspects to consider when buying ceramic tiles.
Advantages and characteristics of ceramic tiles
- Ceramic tiles are extremely resistant to stress, especially when you opt for products from processing classes III or IV (medium strength, respectively higher).
- As a rule, a higher price of ceramic tiles is correlated with a longer lifespan.
- Glazed ceramic tiles are particularly durable, but mounted as tiles are subject to some wear.
- They are also hygienic and easy to maintain.
- Due to their heat-conducting properties, ceramic tiles are perfect for flooring over underfloor heating.
- Ceramic tiles are fire resistant, which means that embers, ashes and others leave no trace on them.
- Ceramic tiles are environmentally friendly because they have no taste and odor and no toxic emissions.
- They can be used in any living space or utility and are available in a wide range of shapes and colors.
Important distinctive features of ceramic tiles
The following differentiations are made:
Glazed and unglazed ceramic tiles – A glaze ennobles the surface of the ceramic tile, giving it a unique look, as well as chemical and mechanical resistance, for example water resistance – But there are also unglazed ceramic tiles. They highlight more the natural shade of the tiles, but are much more sensitive to stains and moisture.
Polished ceramic tiles – By polishing with silicon carbide abrasive stones, the polished tiles receive a noble, shiny surface. There are polished ceramic tiles in bulk porcelain ceramics and polished ceramic tiles in natural stone (composite quartz). Please note that polished tiles must first be impregnated with the right chemicals for ceramic tiles!
Field of use of ceramic tiles – As a rule, the structure of ceramic tiles differs from that of ceramic tiles. The tiles are, of course, much more resistant, and in general they must be water resistant, stable and non-slip. When buying ceramic tiles, consider the minimum requirements for tiles, as well as the abrasion resistance and anti-slip index.
For some types of ceramic tiles, their size is indicated in approximate dimensions. In the firing process, ceramic tiles are subjected to a natural process of shrinkage due to high temperatures. Which is why the dimensions can have small deviations of 1-2 mm. Therefore, due to these production conditions, it is possible to deviate from the nominal dimensions indicated on the packaging cartons, respectively from those indicated in the online store.
For this reason, high quality ceramic tiles are calibrated or ground. Their dimensions are indicated with millimeter precision.
There are a lot of quality characteristics of ceramic tiles: minimum material requirements, sorting groups, differences in frost resistance, burning colors, etc.
When buying ceramic tiles, always choose EN standard products! This EN standard is an important benchmark and sets the minimum requirements for the quality of glazed and porcelain ceramics.
Standard ceramic tiles have regulated minimum requirements in terms of abrasion resistance, water retention, dimensional tolerance, plane, frost resistance, as well as pressure and bending resistance.